Video Surveillance for Airport Terminals
Airports have a
lot to deal with when it comes to security. From facing the
ever-present threat of terrorism, to enforcing strict rules and
regulations, airport security personnel operate in a fast-paced
environment that offers no room for mistakes. IP surveillance technology
and new innovations in video analytics are helping to raise airport
security to new heights.
Benefits of IP-Based Video Surveillance for Airport Terminals
Combat terrorism - It's an unfortunate fact
that airports are targets for terrorist activity. For that reason,
it's vitally important that airports employ extremely strict security
measures. Video surveillance systems play a key role in protecting
against acts of terrorism. The proper system will provide authorities
with invaluable tools in their efforts to maintain the highest
possible levels of security.
Provide real-time surveillance to multiple departments - With IP surveillance enabling digital surveillance streams to
travel over the internet, operators in various airport departments
such as police, customs, fire and medic, baggage, and airport
operations, can all monitor the video feeds from separate PC
Advanced video analytics - Intelligent
cameras with built-in video analytics are beginning to play a
significant role in airport security. These cameras utilize software
algorithms to detect specific activities and scan for suspicious
individuals. For instance, cameras with facial recognition technology
work to help authorities find terrorist threats and marked individuals
on government watch lists. Using behavioral recognition technology,
cameras can be programmed to detect incidents such as left objects,
congestion, reverse movement through checkpoints, and cars spending too
much time parked in one spot outside of the building. With these
features running through cameras themselves, the analytics operate in
Flexibility and scalability - IP video
surveillance systems are scalable, meaning they can grow as needed, or
as the airport grows. Additional cameras are easily connected to the
network, and pre-existing analog cameras can even be incorporated into
new systems by using digital encoders.
Digital storage - With IP surveillance,
video footage is recorded and stored digitally, unlike analog systems
which archive footage on clunky cassette tapes. This allows for an
almost unlimited amount of storage, and also provides users with
drastically enhanced search capabilities.
Remote access - IP-based surveillance
systems send live video streams over the internet, where they can be
viewed, along with archived footage, remotely from any PC with network
access. This allows authorized users to monitor airport activities
from off-site locations.
Risks of Airport Surveillance Systems
Over reliance - An advanced video
surveillance network is only one part of a larger effort when it comes
to airport security. New technology can go a long way in aiding this
cause, but it shouldn't come at the expense of other safety measures
such as proper security personnel staffing.
Configuration of Video Surveillance Systems for Airports
Airports feature a number of diverse areas that all demand
extremely high levels of security. The following factors should be
considered when exploring the installation of an airport surveillance
- What is the airport's history in terms of reported crimes and disturbances?
- What security systems are currently in place throughout the airport?
- What type of security personnel patrol the facility?
- Have terrorist plots been attempted or carried out through the airport?
- Does the airport consist of separate sections linked by a tram or other modes of transportation?
- Does the airport get extremely busy and chaotic at certain points throughout the day?
- Are security checkpoints properly staffed and thorough in their procedures?
- Are there sections of the facility that are considered high-risk areas requiring special attention?
- What systems are in place to prevent outsiders from gaining access to restricted areas?
- How is employee identification and access control handled?
- What security measures are in place to protect planes and equipment?
Security Camera Setup Advice for Airport Terminals
- Position cameras at all entrances and exits in order to capture footage of everyone who passes through the airport.
- Monitor all open areas to get continuous overall footage of airport activity.
- Situate cameras around airline check-in areas to obtain images of passenger arrivals and procedures.
- Monitor security checkpoints for congestion, suspicious
activity, confrontations, and passengers who present potential
- Install surveillance for trams or other modes of transportation used to connect one part of the airport to another.
- Monitor individual terminals and gates for unusual activity in the boarding process and suspicious passengers.
- Install cameras in baggage claim areas to prevent theft and to watch for potentially dangerous items.
- Monitor corridors and all areas used for traveling throughout terminals.
- Install cameras that provide views of restricted areas to ensure that only authorized personnel gain access.
Airport Security Systems
VisionTek's EO / IR systems are proven for Airport Security and
Protection as well as Flight Safety and Air Control requirements.
VisionTek's Scanning and Observation Systems have been used at many airports and airbases for a wide variety of civilian as well as defense requirements.
The VisionTek systems provide airport security and protection by
scanning and observing the runways and other airport zones for
unauthorized activities. In the event of an intrusion, intruders can be identified and tracked and security forces can be directed
For flight safety, ground taxi control and air control, the VisionTek system scan observe and track aircraft in the air and on the ground 24 /
7. They operate automatically, scanning and observing runways and other
zones for a variety of safety and technical issues. The systems support
Air Traffic Control activities and provide 24 / 7 situational awareness
support for the Air Tower.
Often an airport or air base will be strategically located along a
body of water, and here too, the VisionTek systems provide a "virtual
fence" over the water (sea) as they automatically detect intruders
from the sea before they reach the defined boundary. The recognition,
identification and tracking of intruders are key to protection and
directing of security forces to the exact location.